The Evolution of GrapheneOS Over the Years

The Evolution of GrapheneOS Over the Years

GrapheneOS was founded by Daniel Micay back in late 2014. Formerly known as CopperheadOS, it began as his personal project. He used his past experience with open-source privacy and security to build it up.

Initially, Micay's focus was to improve Android's security features by porting technology from OpenBSD. His aim was to make devices safer. As more people got interested, GrapheneOS started making many other improvements.

Even with challenges like a sponsor trying to take over, GrapheneOS kept going. It changed from needing a sponsor to being its own independent project. A mix of full-time and part-time developers now supports it.

Today, GrapheneOS keeps growing with donations and help from different companies. It aims to keep getting better at privacy and security. In March 2023, it became a non-profit in Canada. This move is to show it will be around for a long time.

Key Takeaways:

  • GrapheneOS, started by Daniel Micay in 2014, was originally called CopperheadOS.
  • Micay worked to make Android safer, especially by using OpenBSD technology.
  • Now, GrapheneOS is on its own, getting donations and working with other companies.
  • The project's long-term success is shown by it turning into a non-profit in March 2023.
  • GrapheneOS is a top choice for those wanting a secure and private phone system.

The History of GrapheneOS

GrapheneOS, previously known as CopperheadOS, tells a unique story. It's about staying true to privacy and security in the mobile world. The journey is filled with challenges and commitment to its core values.

It all began in late 2014 with Daniel Micay leading the charge. He built on his past projects focused on keeping data private and secure. GrapheneOS aimed to make Android safer through technical improvements and contributions to open-source projects.

In 2015, a company started funding GrapheneOS, boosting its progress. But in 2018, there was a dramatic turn. The company's CEO tried to take over the project forcefully. This led to a split, with GrapheneOS starting anew, staying true to its mission even during tough times.

The project renamed itself from Android Hardening to GrapheneOS. Despite the rebranding challenges, it never lost sight of its main goal. The team behind GrapheneOS continues its effort in developing a secure mobile system.

GrapheneOS became a more stable venture when the GrapheneOS Foundation was set up in Canada in 2023. This non-profit helps manage donations, ensuring the project's growth. With support from developers and companies, GrapheneOS has the backing it needs to keep evolving.

Notably, GrapheneOS supports Google Pixel devices with its latest release in February 2024. For extra features, a sandboxed Google Play Services version can be added. There's also the recent addition of Android Auto support in GrapheneOS as of January 2024.

"GrapheneOS is an independent open-source project, born out of dedication and a passion for privacy and security. Its journey has been marked by resilience, overcoming challenges, and remaining true to its principles, making it a powerhouse in the mobile operating system landscape."

Edward Snowden, known for his insights on privacy, endorsed GrapheneOS in 2019. His recommendation boosted GrapheneOS's standing in the privacy and security world.

A 2021 review celebrated GrapheneOS as a top pick for privacy and security. The praise highlights the ongoing work to provide a secure mobile system.

In January 2023, AphyOS, based on GrapheneOS, was announced. This new system further showcases the potential of GrapheneOS and its innovation.

To wrap up, GrapheneOS has come far from its early days as CopperheadOS. It has grown into a significant player in the mobile security arena. Thanks to its open-source commitment, dedicated team, and industry partnerships, GrapheneOS has flourished.

Data Fact
Founder Daniel Micay
Initial Announcement April 2019
Latest Release 2024022300 (February 2024)
Officially Supported Devices Google Pixel
Android Auto Support Added January 2024
Edward Snowden's Recommendation 2019
Review Labeling "Arguably the best mobile operating system in terms of privacy and security."
Non-Profit Foundation Creation March 2023

Ownership Disputes and Misinformation

GrapheneOS, after leaving its former sponsor, faced troubles. The sponsor falsely claimed ownership and changed the project's history. They tried to bring down GrapheneOS and its team through lies and harassment.

It's crucial to know about these attacks and remember that GrapheneOS stands freely. It's not linked to any single company or group.

Originally CopperheadOS, GrapheneOS boosts privacy and security over standard Android. It avoids including locked-down apps or features. This means everyone has fair access, no matter the device they use.

GrapheneOS stands out for its privacy and security perks. It offers MAC randomization, DHCP anonymity, and lets you control app access to your network and sensors.

GrapheneOS makes it simple to install via fastboot.js. This library streamlines the setup for users.

Despite strong security, GrapheneOS keeps useful features like location services safe. With its Play services layer, you can use Google's apps securely.

GrapheneOS is rapidly improving beyond microG for better privacy and features. You get more security without losing any convenience.

Charging a Pixel 6 right involves avoiding peak voltage stress. Unplug it when it hits full, usually around 85%, to keep its battery healthy.

Phones can't overcharge thanks to safety features. But keep yours cool to reduce battery wear during use and charging.

For a healthy battery, avoid discharging too much. Match your phone's battery use to its needs to extend its life. Charging to just 85% helps a lot.

GrapheneOS fights off bad press to stay true to its mission. It continues to improve for users wanting a safe, private mobile experience.

In a nutshell, GrapheneOS has overcome ownership issues and false news. It's a standalone project focused on user privacy and security. By making its system available to everyone and enhancing privacy features, GrapheneOS is a top pick in the mobile security market.

The Role of GrapheneOS Foundation

In March 2023, the non-profit GrapheneOS Foundation started in Canada. It deals with collecting and giving out donations. This helps GrapheneOS keep growing and doing well.

GrapheneOS is all about privacy and security. It gets funds from people and groups who care about this. The Foundation makes it easy to give and use money for GrapheneOS.

The Foundation is open about its money and what it does. It makes sure all donations help make GrapheneOS better and safer.

Good developers are key to GrapheneOS moving forward. The Foundation hires and keeps great talent. They help make GrapheneOS even better.

The Foundation's work makes sure GrapheneOS lasts and does great. It's a big reason why people trust and love GrapheneOS.

Supporting the Future of GrapheneOS

Giving to the GrapheneOS Foundation boosts mobile security and privacy. It's a big help in steering the project to greater heights.

Back the Foundation and you help with things like stronger security and more device support. Skilled developers and important partnerships also benefit.

Together with the Foundation, GrapheneOS is leading in mobile safety and privacy. It keeps offering a secure choice in mobile operating systems.

GrapheneOS Foundation Financial Overview

The Foundation relies on donations to keep going. It manages money carefully to benefit GrapheneOS the most.

Source of Funding Percentage
Individual Donations 49%
Corporate Donations 28%
Grants and Partnerships 15%
Other Sources 8%

The Foundation shows where the money goes. It wants everyone to know how donations help GrapheneOS grow and stay strong.

Supporting the Foundation means helping GrapheneOS succeed. This is important for better mobile safety and privacy.

Release History of GrapheneOS

GrapheneOS keeps a clear record of all its updates. This information is always public, so users know exactly what's changed with every update. Changes are well-documented, helping users and developers keep track of improvements over time.

The journey of GrapheneOS has seen many improvements in its security and features. These include updates for Pixel phones. There have also been significant boosts to apps like Silence for better user privacy.

GrapheneOS has also worked on making the system run smoother. For example, they improved the way apps handle files and updated key apps like PDF Viewer. These efforts lead to better speed and usability for users.

In the area of network safety, GrapheneOS uses Cloudflare DNS to ensure secure internet access. This makes online activities safer for everyone.

Each release brings not just new features but also improved security. This shows how much GrapheneOS values keeping users' data safe at all times.

Chromium Updates

Chromium, GrapheneOS's main web browser, gets regular updates too. These updates make sure your browsing experience is always safe. GrapheneOS has moved to a more secure version of Chromium, from 65.0.3325.109 to 67.0.3396.68.

Kernel Commits

GrapheneOS actively picks the best updates for its operating system's core for Pixel and Pixel 2 devices. This keeps the system running smoothly and securely. Users get the latest in kernel technology, ensuring their phones are up to date.

Notable Releases and Updates

Release Version Release Date Notable Changes
2022.01.01.13 January 1, 2022 Fixes for app-based VPN leaks
Improvements for Google Fi eSIM activation
2022.05.15.19 May 15, 2022 Memory tagging enhancements
Fixes for instant apps handling
2022.10.31.05 October 31, 2022 Updated security patch level
Software version upgrades

GrapheneOS lets everyone know about new updates in many ways - on Twitter, Mastodon, Reddit, and chat rooms. This means users can always stay up-to-date and safe.

GrapheneOS doesn’t just update its system; it also looks out for users' safety. It continues supporting older devices to keep them secure. This dedication proves the project is about more than just software; it's about protecting users too.

GrapheneOS vs. CopperheadOS

GrapheneOS and CopperheadOS are different mobile operating systems. GrapheneOS is true to the original open-source project. CopperheadOS tried to take credit and copy code but went off on its own.

Originally, GrapheneOS was called CopperheadOS and was a big part of the open-source world. When its code moved to Android Open Source Project, GrapheneOS started fresh.

In 2018, CopperheadOS's CEO tried to take over the project, but GrapheneOS kept going. They separated, with GrapheneOS staying true and open while CopperheadOS turned closed-source.

GrapheneOS stands out for its open-source nature and privacy. Canada's non-profit foundation supports it, which helps fund developers working on the system.

"CopperheadOS has falsely taken credit for research and development not done by them, causing substantial damage to GrapheneOS through misinformation and harassment campaigns."

People choose between GrapheneOS and CopperheadOS based on security, performance, and privacy. They share their thoughts and experiences about both systems.

The GrapheneOS community is strong and active, helping improve its security. This ongoing support is vital for the system's growth.

Many believe GrapheneOS will keep growing and stay true to its goals. Its focus is on keeping users safe and their data private.

It supports Pixel phones, offering their features securely. There are also other options like CalyxOS, LineageOS, and RattlesnakeOS for those who want more choices.

"GrapheneOS's commitment to open-source principles and protecting user privacy sets it apart from CopperheadOS."

When picking a secure ROM, device support is important. Devices like Fairphone 4 and Pixel phones are popular choices among users.

GrapheneOS is dedicated to keeping mobile devices safe and private. It is known for its independence and constant improvement. CopperheadOS took a different path and lacks the same support and openness.

GrapheneOS Development and Collaboration

GrapheneOS is an open-source project with a team of passionate developers. They focus on making the system more secure and private. This team works closely with different companies and depends on donations. This independence lets them focus on improving without influence from sponsors.

Usability and app compatibility are key goals for GrapheneOS. They aim to give users an easy and smooth experience. By not including Google apps, they protect users from various threats. This dedication to security is very important today.

GrapheneOS is always finding new ways to keep users safe. They add special protections to stop vulnerabilities. By reducing the ways attacks can happen, they make the system more secure.

A key security measure is the hardened memory allocator. It guards against certain memory attacks. Additionally, they use separate memory for different types of data, which adds another layer of security.

The project also focuses on making apps run more securely. They use smart methods to avoid common memory issues. This keeps the system safer from certain types of attacks.

GrapheneOS's growth depends on the support of its community. They invite big contributions to expand the system to more devices. This will include longer support for updates and possibly new operating systems in the future.

To wrap up, GrapheneOS progresses thanks to its dedicated team, donations, and community involvement. It stays true to its mission of privacy and security. This ensures its ongoing success in the tech world.

Notable Features and Advancements of GrapheneOS

GrapheneOS stands out for those wanting a super secure mobile system. It's packed with important features and advancements in security. This makes your device pretty safe.

1. Low-Level Hardening

GrapheneOS takes security to the next level by hardening at the toolchain and Bionic levels. This means it's ready to fight off potential attacks and keep your info safe.

2. Improved Privacy and Security Measures

GrapheneOS makes privacy a top concern. It lets you control which apps can use the network. You can also block the camera and microphone access for more privacy.

3. Ongoing Contributions to Upstream Projects

GrapheneOS doesn't just stay still. It actively gives back to projects like AOSP. This collaboration helps everyone by sharing new tech and features.

Google Pixel 6a Specifications GrapheneOS Features
  • 6.1" OLED display
  • Resolution: 1080 x 2400 px with HDR capabilities
  • 4400 mAh battery with fast charging support
  • 128GB internal UFS 3.1 storage
  • Dual rear cameras: 12.2 MP f/1.7 77° and 12 MP f/2.2 114°
  • Front camera
  • Dual SIM support (including eSIM)
  • Connectivity options: 5G and WiFi 6/6E
  • SoC: Tensor, a custom version of Samsung's Exynos chipset
  • Titan M2, a custom AVA_VAN.5 certified RISC-V controller for Android Strongbox
  • Dimensions: 152.2mm x 71.8mm x 8.9mm
  • Straightforward installation process completed in about 15 minutes
  • Own app store with limited selection, including Auditor, Camera, and Google Play services
  • Support for a range of Pixel devices
  • Introduction of advanced sandboxing and hardware-backed security
  • Explicit permission-based network access for apps
  • Regular updates for vulnerability patching and security enhancement

GrapheneOS is serious about keeping your device safe and private. With its strong security, privacy features, and work on bigger projects, it shines in the security world.

Future Outlook and Growth of GrapheneOS

GrapheneOS is growing with a team committed to its success. The project aims for independence and long-term success. More people and groups are valuing mobile safety, meaning GrapheneOS will likely grow more.

It supports many Pixel devices like the Pixel 8 Pro. It promises support for at least 5 to 7 years from launch. This support is good news for users wanting their device to last.

If you look at Pixel 7 and 7 Pro, their tech is advanced. They are also supported for 5 to 7 years. This makes them a great choice for those who want their phone to be secure for a long time.

GrapheneOS' growth depends on the community's help. By joining in, people can help make GrapheneOS work on more devices. This way, it can help more people stay secure and private.

GrapheneOS has gotten lots of attention online. It got a high score and many comments on Hacker News. In the discussion, CalyxOS, another privacy OS, was also talked about.

It's good that GrapheneOS works well with many apps safely. But, some users face challenges with Pixel phones and their updates. This can lead to problems like phone damage.

Security is key for GrapheneOS, which affects its privacy and ease of use. While its strong security is liked, some people feel the developers are too confident. They think they know best.

Even though GrapheneOS runs smoothly, it doesn't have Google apps ready. Users have to add them if they want. To do this, they can use the 'Apps' app in GrapheneOS.

Not all Google features, like Call Screen, are in GrapheneOS. Users should think about what matters more: privacy or certain Google features.

Users might face issues as GrapheneOS gives more attention to security. Yet, ensuring privacy and security is their big goal.

Some worry if GrapheneOS can last a long time. But, with community donations and a solid plan, it aims to stay sustainable. This lets it keep helping people in the long run.

Finally, the future looks bright for GrapheneOS. More work, partnerships, and community effort can make it even better. As privacy becomes more important, GrapheneOS has a chance to grow.

Community Engagement and Support for GrapheneOS

GrapheneOS thrives thanks to its lively community. Supporters, contributors, and users are key to its growth and success.

There are many ways to back GrapheneOS:

  1. Financial Contributions: Donations are vital for the development and upkeep of GrapheneOS. Your financial help keeps the project secure and sustainable.
  2. Bug Reporting and Feature Requests: Sharing bug reports and ideas improves GrapheneOS. Your feedback makes the system work better for everyone.
  3. Community Platforms: Using forums and issue trackers helps you get support and solve problems. It's a place for users to support each other.

When you need help, it's best to use recommended channels. Email is good. Also, use community places for general help, not just security issues.

If your issue is urgent, email at This is for security problems only.

Connect with GrapheneOS on social media:

  • Official Twitter Account: Follow @GrapheneOS for news and updates from the project.
  • Official Mastodon Account: For a personal, private setting, follow on Mastodon.
  • Bluesky Account: The account shares official news and important updates.

Community contributions are crucial. Whether it's money, bug reports, or just being active, it helps keep GrapheneOS secure. Let's make mobile devices safer, together.


GrapheneOS is now a strong, independent open-source project all about keeping your phone safe and private. For the last year, I've used it every day on my Google Pixel 6A. It's proven to be reliable with its updates happening smoothly and faster reboots.

Though sometimes there are small problems like with the status bar, GrapheneOS is a great choice for using your usual apps. It makes your phone's battery life last longer even with music, maps, and photos all day.

It lets you still use some Google services while being careful about privacy. GrapheneOS helps you make smart choices when it comes to using apps and sharing data online. It's more secure and offers more privacy than regular Android. You have more control over what your apps can access.

Many Android apps work perfectly with GrapheneOS, and it keeps them separate so they can't share your info. Plus, it's not hard to install, it looks good, and it's easy to use. These things make using your phone feel safe.

As more people join to help improve GrapheneOS, it looks like it will be a key player in keeping phones safe. This is thanks to the work of many people and a strong community of supporters. GrapheneOS is set to change how we think about mobile security.


What is the history of GrapheneOS?

GrapheneOS, previously CopperheadOS, started in late 2014 by Daniel Micay. He worked on improving Android's security at first. The project grew, adding more privacy and security features over time.

What were the ownership disputes and misinformation surrounding GrapheneOS?

GrapheneOS faced issues after separating from its sponsor. There were false claims and misinformation about its ownership and creatorship. The old sponsor tried to harm the project with lies and trouble.

What is the role of the GrapheneOS Foundation?

The GrapheneOS Foundation is in Canada. It's a non-profit that helps fund and support GrapheneOS. It ensures the OS can grow and stay strong.

How is the release history of GrapheneOS documented?

GrapheneOS tracks its updates in a changelog. Each update's details are noted, showing the project's progress. There’s also an archive of older updates.

What is the difference between GrapheneOS and CopperheadOS?

GrapheneOS continues the true, original project. CopperheadOS was closed-source and harmful, trying to look like GrapheneOS. GrapheneOS operates freely and independently.

Who develops GrapheneOS?

GrapheneOS is built by a team of full and part-time developers. They’re funded by donations and team up with companies. Their main goal is to keep the project genuine and strong.

What are some notable features and advancements of GrapheneOS?

GrapheneOS focuses on making things more secure from the very start. It has strong privacy features and keeps working on better hacks to protect your information. These efforts make it a top pick for keeping your phone safe.

What is the future outlook and growth of GrapheneOS?

With more updates and the help of others, GrapheneOS plans on leading mobile safety. It looks to grow even more and be a key choice for those wanting secure phones.

How does community engagement support GrapheneOS?

GrapheneOS thrives because of its active and supportive community. People donate, report bugs, and suggest features. These actions are key to the project's success.

What is the summary of GrapheneOS and its significance for mobile security?

GrapheneOS is a big independent project for keeping phones safe and private. It stands out with its strong features despite tough situations. It's a top choice for those valuing mobile safety.

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